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Being a party to a criminal process

The victim of a criminal offence is referred to as the injured party. The person suspected of having committed a criminal offence is referred to as the suspect during the pre-trial investigation and as the accused, or the defendant, at the trial. Furthermore, the prosecutor is one of the parties at the trial.

Read more on being a party to a criminal process

The National Prosecution Authority

The independent National Prosecution Authority is a State authority and part of the judicial system. Its task is to ensure the realisation of criminal liability, i.e. that the proper statutory punishment is attached to a criminal act. In the decisions they make in prosecution matters, prosecutors are autonomous and independent administrators of justice.

The National Prosecution Authority is a key actor in the processing chain of criminal matters and is the only authority involved at all stages of processing a criminal matter.

More about The National Prosecution Authority

Prosecution service in figures

  • 84 951 Cases decided by prosecutors 2020
  • 55,73 M € Expenditures of the prosecution service 2021
  • 529 Person-years 2020
  • 3,4 Well-being at work score 2020