Being a party to a criminal process
The victim of a criminal offence is referred to as the injured party. The person suspected of having committed a criminal offence is referred to as the suspect during the pre-trial investigation and as the accused, or the defendant, at the trial. Furthermore, the prosecutor is one of the parties at the trial.
The National Prosecution Authority
The independent National Prosecution Authority is a State authority and part of the judicial system. Its task is to ensure the realisation of criminal liability, i.e. that the proper statutory punishment is attached to a criminal act. In the decisions they make in prosecution matters, prosecutors are autonomous and independent administrators of justice.
The National Prosecution Authority is a key actor in the processing chain of criminal matters and is the only authority involved at all stages of processing a criminal matter.